Teenage is a stage of transition where there are hormonal and physical changes in the body. It is also a stage where a person experiences varied new emotions, develops the concept of self, a self image, an identity and independence. The way a teenager is looked upon by the society, the roles and expectations placed on them also changes causing drastic changes in the behavior and outlook of the teenager.
It can be a phase of fun, enjoyment, exploration, experimentation and also a phase of confusion, anxiety, restlessness, agitation, and a period of imbalance when the teenager has to adjust to the new realities of his/her being. One of the most predominant changes that can be startling or maybe uncomfortable is to see the physical changes in themselves.
A teenage girl may feel uneasy about the development of breasts, may feel awkward or shy about it. She may feel embarrassed in her own skin, may feel a sense of consciousness about her body, or may find it uncomfortable that people may notice it. She may have a tough time with passersby making comments or sexually demeaning jokes. Similarly a man needs to come to terms with the growth of his reproductive organs and feel comfortable about it.
A girl needs to come to terms with the fact that she will have the menstrual cycle every month and she cannot wish it away even though it may be a painful, uncomfortable, uneasy period. Similarly, a man needs to accept changes like development of a manly voice, appearance of beard on the face, eruption of pimples and so on.
The hormonal changes also bring about new emotions and this may be the time when the feelings of love, romance, intimacy, sexual desires may be felt strongly and teenagers may struggle to grapple with the changes in their sexual nature and the thoughts that affect their mind.
The rumors that spread during teenage also must be cleared with the help of sex education and guidance. False notions about pregnancy, myths regarding sex, lack of information about safe sexual practices etc create anxiety and panic since a teenager may not be able to distinguish between safe and risky behaviour.